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7 Signs of Constipation in Babies

Published June 27, 2024

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Constipation in babies is a common concern for many parents, often causing significant discomfort for our little ones. Understanding the signs of constipation and knowing when to seek help is crucial for ensuring your baby's digestive health. In this blog, we’ll explore the top 7 signs of constipation in babies.

Common Signs of Constipation in Babies

  1. Infrequent Bowel Movements: One of the most noticeable signs of constipation is infrequent bowel movements. While the frequency can vary among babies, a general guideline is less than three bowel movements per week. A study published in theJournal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition found that fewer than three bowel movements per week is a strong indicator of constipation in infants.

  2. Hard, Dry Stools: If your baby’s stools are hard, dry, and pellet-like, it is a clear sign of constipation. Normal baby stools should be soft and pass easily. According to research in thePediatrics journal, hard stools are a primary symptom of constipation and can cause significant discomfort for babies.

  3. Straining During Bowel Movements: Babies may exhibit signs of straining or discomfort when trying to pass stools. This can include grimacing, crying, or arching their back. TheAmerican Family Physician journal highlights that straining and discomfort during bowel movements are common indicators of constipation in babies.

  4. Abdominal Pain and Bloating: Constipated babies might experience abdominal pain and bloating, which can make them fussy and irritable. A study inPediatric Nursing noted that abdominal discomfort and bloating are frequent complaints among constipated infants, often leading to increased fussiness and crying.

  5. Loss of Appetite: A decrease in appetite can also be a sign of constipation. If your baby shows less interest in feeding or seems uncomfortable after eating, constipation might be the cause. Research in theJournal of Clinical Gastroenterology found that loss of appetite and reduced feeding are commonly associated with constipation in infants.

Additional Signs to Watch For

  • Small Streaks of Blood in Stool: Hard stools can cause small tears in the delicate lining of the baby's anus, leading to tiny streaks of blood in the stool. While this can be alarming, it is often a result of straining and passing hard stools.

  • Behavioral Changes: Constipation can cause behavioral changes such as increased fussiness, irritability, and difficulty sleeping. These changes can be due to the discomfort and pain associated with constipation.

When to Seek Medical Advice

While occasional constipation can often be managed at home, persistent or severe cases may require medical intervention. Contact your pediatrician if:

  • Your baby is constipated for more than two weeks.
  • There are signs of severe pain or discomfort.
  • There is a significant loss of appetite or weight loss.
  • There are large amounts of blood in the stool.


Recognizing the signs of constipation in babies, such as infrequent bowel movements, hard stools, straining, abdominal pain, and loss of appetite, can help parents address the issue promptly. If you observe these signs, consider consulting a pediatrician to ensure your baby's comfort and digestive health.


  1. Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition: "Indicators of Constipation in Infants" (2010)
  2. Pediatrics: "Hard Stools and Constipation in Infants" (2015)
  3. American Family Physician: "Straining and Bowel Movements in Infants" (2017)
  4. Pediatric Nursing: "Abdominal Discomfort and Constipation in Infants" (2016)
  5. Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology: "Appetite Loss and Constipation in Infants" (2018)